What do you need to prepare before you bring the bees to your apiary?
1Determine the place for the apiary.
2If necessary, clear it and cut the grass.
3Make stands for beehives.
The stand should be about 30cm high. You can make them with 4 bricks or from wood.
If possible, the beehive entrance should be facing the sunrise (in this way the bees will start to come out of the hive early in the morning).
4Provide a bees water drinker.
It is necessary that a beekeeper has some room in which he will keep all the beekeeping equipment and supplies he needs, hives and frames that are in excess, honey supers during the winter, etc. And in which he can perform beekeeping activities that are not performed on the apiary, such as honey harvest, wax melting, setting wax foundations in frames, etc.
That room should be:
2Secured from rain, bees and pests (mice, insects ...)
3To have the mesh on the windows. This will prevent the bees attracted by the smell of wax and honey to enter the room.
4Always keep the door closed so that bees or other insects and pests can not enter inside.
Equipment for honey harvesting, wax melters, equipment for making wax foundations and putting them into the frames, and other beekeeping equipment will be needed later, but not necessary for the beginning.
Although you do not need honey harvest equipment at first, you need to make sure that it is ready until the beginning of your first honey harvest.
Honey flow depends on weather conditions and honey plants that grow in your area and vary from place to place, so you need to inquire about it in advance, preferably with a local beekeeper, and if this is not possible then via the Internet or some other way.
Beekeeping protective suit
The Beekeeping protective suit is specially made to protect the beekeeper from bee stings while he works with his bees. Usually it is made of thick fabric or several layers of mesh, and the face is protected with a mesh - veil.
Beekeeping suits made from several layers of mesh are usually more expensive but provide ventilation during hot summer days.
You can buy:
1a complete protective suit,
2a jacket with a veil, or just
3a beekeeping hat with a veil.
The best protection is provided by a complete protective suit, while the beekeeping veil (hat) provides protection only for the head.
If you choose a beekeeping jacket with a veil, you must also provide trousers of some thick fabric - some thick jeans will do well.
Do not forget to protect your feet with some boots or some other footwear. Tuck your pants into your footwear so that bees can not get into them.
Never wear soft clothes (a sweater or something like that) when you are working with bees, because it is easy for bees to stand on such clothing. Even if it is thick enough that bees can not sting you through it, it may happen that the whole swarm hooks on such clothing and it is almost impossible to defend yourself.
Beekeeping gloves are specially made to protect your hands from bee stings. They are usually made of leather. Beekeeping gloves have long sleeves that are protected so bees can not get inside.
Hive tool is a tool that every beekeeper must have. You will use it all the time for a variety of things: to open a hive, to pull out the hive frames, for wax and propolis scraping and many other things.
A beekeeping smoker is used to calm the bees when you need to work with them. Learn more about a beekeeping smoker and how to use it